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中国海事仲裁委员会仲裁规则 法律对照

CHINA MARITIME ARBITRATION COMMISSION ARBITRATION RULES

(Revised and Adopted on September 4,1995 by China Chamber ofInternational Commerce. Effective as from October 1,1995.)

Chapter I General Provisions

Section 1 Jurisdiction 

Article 1 These Rules are formulated in accordance with the Arbitration Law and the provisions of the relevant laws of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and pursuant to the "Decision ”, the "Notice" and "Official Reply" of the State Council of the PRC.

Article 2 China Maritime Arbitration Commission (formerly known as Maritime Arbitration Commission of the China Council for the Promotion of International Trade, and hereinafter referred to as the "Arbitration Commission")independently and impartially resolves, by means of arbitration, contractual or non-contractual maritime disputes arising from, or in the process of, transportation, production and navigation by or at sea, in coastal waters and other waters connected with sea, in order to protect the legitimate rights and interests of the parties and promote the development of the domestic and international shipping industry and economy and trade. The Arbitration Commission shall take cognizance of cases of following maritime disputes:

 (1) dispute arising from salvage and general average;

 (2) dispute arising from collision between vessels, or from damage caused by a vessel to the structure and installation on the sea, waterways connected with sea, in the harbour as well as the submarine or underwater installation;

 (3) dispute arising from management, operation, chartering, mortgage, agency, towage, raising, sale, repair, building, demolition, of sea-going/river vessel, as well as carriage by sea in virtue of contracts of affreightment, bill of lading or other documents, and marine insurance;

 (4) dispute regarding the utilization of the marine resources and pollution damages to the marine environment ;

 (5) dispute arising from contract of freight forwarding, supply of ship's stores, employment of seaman aboard a foreign vessel, fishery production and fishing;

 (6) other maritime dispute submitted for arbitration by agreement between the parties.

Article 3 The Arbitration Commission takes cognizance of cases in accordance with an arbitration agreement between the parties concluded before or after the occurrence of the dispute to refer their dispute to the Arbitration Commission for arbitration and upon the written application by one of the parties. An arbitration agreement means an arbitration clause stipulated by the parties in their contract or a written agreement concluded by the parties in other forms to submit their dispute for arbitration. 

Article 4The Arbitration Commission has the power to decide on the existence and validity of an arbitration agreement and the jurisdiction over an arbitration case. If a party challenges the validity of the arbitration agreement and requests the Arbitration Commission to make a decision there upon and he other party applies to the People's Court for a ruling, the latter's ruling shall prevail.

Article 5 An arbitration clause contained in a contract shall be regarded as existing independently and separately from the other clauses of the contract, and an arbitration agreement attached to a contract shall be treated as a part of the contract existing independently and separately from the other parts of the contract. The validity of an arbitration clause or an arbitration agreement shall not be affected by the modification, rescission, termination, invalidity,revocation or non-existence of the contract.

Article 6Any objections to an arbitration agreement and/or jurisdiction over an arbitration case shall be raised before the first hearing conducted by the arbitration tribunal. Where a case is examined on the basis of documents only, the objections to jurisdiction should be raised before submission of the first substantive defense.

Article 7Once the parties agree to submit their dispute to the Arbitration Commission for arbitration, they shall be deemed that they have agreed to conduct the arbitration under these Rules. 

Section 2 Organization 

Article 8 The Arbitration Commission shall have one honorary Chairman and several advisers.

Article 9 The Arbitration Commission is composed of one Chairman, several Vice-Chairmen and a number of Commission members. The Chairman performs the functions and duties vested in him by these Rules and the Vice-Chairmen may perform the Chairman's functions and duties with the Chairman's authorization. The Arbitration Commission shall have a secretariat to handle its day-to-day work under the leadership of the Secretary-General of the Arbitration Commission.

Article 10 The Arbitration Commission shall maintain a Panel of Arbitrators. The arbitrators shall be selected and appointed by the Arbitration Commission from among Chinese and foreign personages with special knowledge and practical experience in the fields of navigation, carriage by sea, foreign trade, insurance and law and other fields.

Article 11 The Arbitration Commission is located in Beijing. The Arbitration Commission may, according to the requirement of development of arbitration business, set up its Sub-Commissions in other places within china's territory. 

Chapter II Arbitration Proceedings

Section 1 Application for Arbitration, Defense and Counter-claim 

Article 12 The arbitration proceedings shall commence from the date on which the Notice of Arbitration is sent out by the Arbitration Commission.

Article 13 The Claimant shall satisfy the following requirements when submitting his Application for Arbitration:

 (1)an Application for Arbitration in writing shall be submitted and the following shall be specified in the Application for Arbitration:

 (a)the name and address of the Claimant and those of the Respondent, including the zip code, telephone number, telex number, fax number and cable number, if any;

(b)the arbitration agreement relied upon by the Claimant;

(c)the facts of the case and the main points of dispute;

 (d)the Claimant's claim and the facts and evidence on which his claim is based. The Application for Arbitration shall be signed and/or stamped by the Claimant and/or the attorney authorized by the Claimant.

(2)When an Application for Arbitration is submitted to the Arbitration

Commission, the relevant documentary evidence on which the Claimant's claim is based shall accompany the Application for Arbitration.

 (3)The Claimant shall pay an arbitration fee in advance to the Arbitration Commission according to the Arbitration Fee Schedule of the Arbitration Commission.

Article 14 After receipt of the Application for Arbitration and its attachments and when the secretariat of the Arbitration Commission, after examination, deems that the Claimant has not completed the formalities required for arbitration, the secretariat shall demand the Claimant to complete them, and when the secretariat deems that the Claimant has completed the formalities, the secretariat shall immediately send to the Respondent a Notice of Arbitration together with one copy each of the Claimant's Application for Arbitration and its attachments as well as the Arbitration Rules, the Panel of Arbitrators and the Arbitration Fee Schedule of the Arbitration Commission, and shall simultaneously send to the Claimant one copy each of the Notice of Arbitration, the Arbitration Rules, the Panel of Arbitrators and Arbitration Fee Schedule. The secretariat of the Arbitration Commission, after sending the Notice of Arbitration to the Claimant and Respondent, the Notice of Arbitration to the Claimant and Respondent, shall appoint one of its staff-members to take charge of procedural administration of the case.

Article 15 The Claimant and the Respondent shall, within 20 days as from the date of receipt of the Notice of Arbitration, appoint an arbitrator from among the Panel of Arbitrators of the Arbitration Commission or authorize the Chairman of the Arbitration Commission to make such appointment. 

Article 16 The Respondent shall, within 45 days from the date of receipt of the Notice of Arbitration, submit his written defense and relevant documentary evidence to the secretariat of the Arbitration Commission.

Article 17 The Respondent shall, at the latest within 60 days from the date of receipt of the Notice of Arbitration, lodge with the secretariat of the Arbitration Commission his counterclaim in writing, if any. The arbitration tribunal may extend that time limit if it deems that there are justified reasons. When lodging a counterclaim, the Respondent must state in his written

statement of counterclaim his specific claim, reasons for his claim and facts and evidence upon which his claim is based, and attach to his written statement of counterclaim the relevant documentary evidence. When lodging a counterclaim, the Respondent shall pay an arbitration fee in advance according to the Arbitration Fee Schedule of the Arbitration Commission.

Article 18 The Claimant may request to amend his claim and the Respondent may request to amend his counterclaim; but the arbitration tribunal may refuse such a request for amendment if it considers that it is too late to raise the request and the amendment may affect the arbitration proceedings.

Article 19 When submitting application for arbitration, written defense, statement of counterclaim, documentary evidence and other documents, the party/parties shall submit them in quintuplicate. If the number of the parties exceeds two, additional copies shall be submitted accordingly; if the number of arbitrator of the arbitration tribunal is one, two copies may be reduced.

Article 20 The arbitration proceedings shall not be affected in case the Respondent fails to file his defense in writing or the Claimant fails to submit his written defense against the Respondent's counterclaim.

Article 21 The parties may authorize arbitration agents to deal with the matters relating to arbitration; the authorized attorney must produce a Power of Attorney to the Arbitration Commission. Chinese and foreign citizens can be authorized to act as arbitration agents. 

Article 22 When a party applies for property preservative measures, the Arbitration Commission shall submit the party's application for a ruling to the maritime court in the place where the domicile of the party against whom the property preservative measures are sought is located or in the place where the property of the said party is located. When a party applies for taking interim measures of protection of evidence, the Arbitration Commission shall submit the party's application for a ruling to the maritime court in the place where the evidence is located. 

Section 2 Formation of Arbitration Tribunal 

Article 23 Each of the parties shall appoint one arbitrator from among the Panel of Arbitrators of the Arbitration Commission or entrust the Chairman of the Arbitration Commission to make such appointment. The third arbitrator shall be jointly appointed by the parties or appointed by the Chairman of the Arbitration Commission upon the parties' joint authorization. In case the parties fail to jointly appoint or jointly entrust the Chairm of the and/or Respondents in an arbitration case, the Claimants' side and/or the Respondents' side each shall, through consultation, appoint or entrust the Chairman of the Arbitration Commission to appoint one arbitrator from among the Panel ofArbitrators of the Arbitration Commission. If the Claimants' side or the Respondents' side fails to make such appointment or entrustment within 20 days as from the date on which the Respondents' side receives the Notice of Arbitration, the appointment shall be made by the Chairman of the Arbitration Commission.

Article 27 Any appointed arbitrator having a personal interest in the case shall himself disclose such circumstances to the Arbitration Commission and request a withdrawal from his office. 

Article 28 A party may make a request in writing to the Arbitration Commission for the removal of an appointed arbitrator from his office, if the party has justified reasons to suspect the impartiality and independence of the appointed arbitrator. In the request, the facts and reasons on which the request is based and evidence must be given. A challenge against an arbitrator for a removal from his office must be put forward in writing no later than the first oral hearing. If the grounds for the challenge come out or are made known after the first oral hearing, the challenge may be raised after the first hearing but

beforethe end of the last hearing.

Article 29 The Chairman of the Arbitration Commission shall decide on the challenge.

Article 30 If an arbitrator cannot perform his duty owing to withdrawal, demise, removal or other reasons, a substitute arbitrator shall be appointed in accordance with the procedure pursuant to which the original arbitrator was appointed.

After the appointment of the substitute arbitrator, the tribunal has discretion to decide whether or not the whole or part of the previous hearings shall be repeated.

 Section 3 Hearing

Article 31 The arbitration Tribunal shall hold oral hearings when examining a case. At the request of the parties or with their consent, oral hearings may be omitted if the arbitration tribunal also deems that oral hearings are unnecessary, and then the arbitration tribunal may examine the case and make an award on the basis of documents only.

Article 32 The date of the first oral hearing shall be fixed by the arbitration tribunal in consultation with the secretariat of the Arbitration Commission. The notice of the date of the hearing shall be communicated by the secretariat of the Arbitration Commission to the parties 30 days before the date of the hearing. A party having justified reasons may request a communicated to the secretariat of the Arbitration Commission 12 days before the date of the hearing and the arbitration tribunal shall decide whether to postpone the hearing or not.

Article 33 The notice of the date of hearing subsequent to the first hearing is not subject to the 30-day time limit.

Article 34The cases taken cognizance of by the Arbitration Commission shall be heard in Beijing, or in other places with the approval of the Secretary-General of the Arbitration Commission.

Article 35 The arbitration tribunal shall not hear cases in open session. If both parties request a hearing to be held in open session, the arbitration tribunal shall decide whether to hold the hearing in open session or not.

Article 36 When a case is heard in closed session, the parties, their attorneys, witnesses, arbitrators, experts consulted by the arbitration tribunal and appraisers appointed by the arbitration tribunal and the relevant staff-members of the secretariat of the Arbitration Commission shall not disclose to outsiders the substantive or procedural matters of the case.

Article 37The parties shall produce evidence for the facts on which their claim, defense and counterclaims are based. The arbitration tribunal may undertake investigations and collect evidence on its own initiative, if it deems it necessary. If the arbitration tribunal investigates and collects evidence on its own initiative, it shall timely inform the parties to be present on the spot if it deems it necessary. Should one party or both parties fail to appear on the spot, the investigation and collection of evidence shall by no means be affected.

Article 38 The arbitration tribunal may consult an expert or appoint an appraiser for the clarification of special questions relating to the case. Such an expert or appraiser can be an organization or a citizen, Chinese or foreign. The arbitration tribunal has the power to order the parties and the parties are also obliged to submit or produce to the expert or appraiser any materials, documents, properties or goods related to the case for check-up, inspection and/or appraisal.

Article 39 The expert's report and the appraiser's report shall be copied to the parties so that they may have the opportunity to give their opinions thereon. At the request of any party to the case and with the approval of at the hearing and give explanations of their reports when the arbitration tribunal deems it necessary and appropriate. 

Article 40 The evidence submitted by the parties shall be examined and decided by the arbitration tribunal. The adoption of the expert's report and the appraiser's report shall be determined by the arbitration tribunal.

Article 41 Should one of the parties fail to appear at the hearing, the arbitration tribunal may proceed with the hearing and make an award by default.

Article 42 During the hearing, the arbitration tribunal may make a record in writing and/or by tape-recording. The arbitration tribunal may, when it deems it necessary, make a minute stating the main points of the hearing and ask the parties and/or their attorneys, witnesses and/or other persons involved to sign their names on it and/or affix their seals to it. The record in writing or by tape-recording is only for the use and reference of the arbitration tribunal.

Article 43If the parties to an arbitration case reach an amicable settlement agreement by themselves, they may either request the arbitration tribunal to make an award in accordance with the contents of their amicable settlement agreement to end the case or request a dismissal of the case. The Secretary-General of the Arbitration Commission shall decide on the request for a dismissal of the case if the request is made before the formation of the arbitration tribunal, and the arbitration tribunal shall decide if the request is put forward after the formation of the arbitration tribunal. If the party or the parties refer the dismissed case again to the Arbitration Commission for arbitration, the Chairman of the Arbitration Commission shall decide whether to accept the reference or not.

Article 44A party who knows or should have known that any provision or requirement of these Rules has not been complied with and yet proceeds with the arbitration proceedings without explicitly raising in writing his objection to non-compliance in a timely manner shall be deemed to have waived his right to object.

Article 45 If both parties have a desire for conciliation or one party so desires and the other party agrees to it when consulted by the arbitration tribunal, the arbitration tribunal may conciliate the case under its cognizance in the process of arbitration.

Article 46The arbitration tribunal may conciliate cases in the manner it deems appropriate. 

Article 47The arbitration tribunal shall terminate conciliation and continue the arbitration proceedings when one of the parties requests a termination of conciliation or when the arbitration tribunal believes that further efforts to conciliate will be futile.

Article 48 If the parties have reached an amicable settlement outside the arbitration tribunal in the course of conciliation conducted by the

arbitration tribunal, such settlement shall be deemed as one which has been reached through the arbitration tribunal's conciliation.

Article 49 The parties shall sign a settlement agreement in writing when an amicable settlement is reached through conciliation conducted by the arbitration tribunal, and the arbitration tribunal shall end the case by making an arbitration award in accordance with the contents of the settlement agreement unless otherwise agreed by the parties.

Article 50 Should conciliation fail, any statement, opinion, view or proposal which has been made, raised, put forward, acknowledged, accepted or rejected by either party or by the arbitration tribunal in the process of conciliation shall not be invoked as grounds for any claim, defense and/or counterclaim in the subsequent arbitration proceedings, judicial proceedings or any other proceedings. 

Section 4 Award 

Article 51 The arbitration tribunal shall render an arbitral award within 9 months as from the date on which the arbitration tribunal is formed. The Secretary General of the Arbitration Commission may extend this time limit at the request of the arbitration tribunal if the Secretary-General of the arbitration Commission considers that it is really necessary and the reasons for extension are truly justified.

Article 52 The arbitration tribunal shall independently and impartially make its arbitral award on the basis of the facts, in accordance with the law and the terms of the contracts, with reference to international practices and in compliance with the principle of fairness and reasonableness. three arbitrators, the arbitral award shall be decided by the majority of the arbitrators and the minority opinion may be written in the record and docketed into the file. When the arbitration tribunal cannot attain a majority opinion, the arbitral award shall be decided in accordance with the presiding arbitrator's opinion.

Article 54 The arbitration tribunal shall state in the arbitral award the claims, the facts of the dispute, the reasons on which the arbitral award is based, the result of the arbitral award, the allocation of the arbitration costs, the date on which and the place at which the arbitral award is made. The facts of the dispute and the reasons on which the arbitral award is based may not be stated in the arbitral award if the parties have agreed not to state them in the arbitral award, or the arbitral award is made in accordance with the contents of the settlement agreement reached between the parties.

Article 55Unless the arbitral award is made in accordance with the opinion of the presiding arbitrator or the sole arbitrator, the arbitral award shall be signed by all the arbitrators or the majority arbitrators sitting on the arbitration tribunal. An arbitrator who has a dissenting opinion may sign or not sign his name on the arbitral award. The arbitrators shall submit their draft arbitral award to the Arbitration Commission before signing the award. The Arbitration Commission may remind the arbitrator of any issue related to the form of the arbitral award on condition that the arbitrator's independence of decision is not affected. The Arbitration Commission's stamp shall be affixed to the arbitral award. The date on which the arbitral award is made is the date on which the arbitral award comes into legal effect. 

Article 56The arbitration tribunal may, if it deems it necessary or the parties so request and the arbitration tribunal agrees, make an interlocutory award or partial award on any issue of the case at any time in the course of arbitration before the final award is made. Either party's failure to perform the interlocutory award does not affect the continuation of the arbitration proceedings and the making of the final award by the arbitration tribunal.

Article 57 The arbitration tribunal has the power to determine in the arbitral award the arbitration fee and other expenses to be eventually paid by the party or the parties to the Arbitration Commission.

Article 58 The arbitration tribunal has the power to decide in the arbitral award that the losing party shall pay the winning party as compensation a proportion of the expenses reasonably incurred by the winning party in dealing with the case. The amount of such compensation shall not in any case exceed 10% of the total amount awarded to the winning party.

Article 59The arbitral award is final and binding upon both disputing parties. Neither party may bring a suit before a law court or make a request to any other organization for revising the arbitral award.

Article 60 Either party may request in writing that a correction be made to the writing, typing, calculating and similar errors contained in the arbitral award within 30 days from the date of receipt of the arbitral award; if there is really an error in the arbitral award, the arbitration tribunal shall make a correction in writing within 30 days form the date on receipt of the written request for correction, and the arbitration tribunal may by itself make a correction in writing within 30 days from the date on which the arbitral award is issued. The correction in writing forms a part of the arbitral award.

Article 61 If anything that should be awarded has been omitted in the arbitral award, either of the parties may make a request in writing to the arbitration tribunal for an additional award within 30 days from the date on which the arbitral award is received. If something which should be awarded is really omitted, the arbitration tribunal shall make an additional award within 30 days from the date of receipt of the request in writing for an additional award. The arbitration tribunal may by itself make an additional award within 30 days from the date on which the arbitral award is issued. The additional award forms a part of the arbitral award which has been previously issued. 

Article 62 The parties must automatically execute the arbitral award within the time limit specified in the arbitral award. If no time limit is specified in the arbitral award, the parties shall carry out the arbitral award immediately.

In case one party fails to execute the arbitral award, the other party may apply to the Chinese court for enforcement of the arbitral award pursuant to Chinese law or apply to the competent foreign court for enforcement of the arbitral award according to the 1958 Convention on Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards or other international treaties that China has concluded or participated in. 

Chapter III Summary Procedure 

Article 63Unless otherwise agreed by the parties, this Summary Procedure shall apply to any case in dispute where the amount of the claim totals not more than RMB 500, 000 yuan, and to any case in dispute where the amount of the claim totals more than RMB 500, 000 yuan provided that one party applies for arbitration under this Summary Procedure and the other party agrees in writing.

Article 64 When an application for arbitration is submitted to the Arbitration Commission by one of the parties and the application is accepted by the Arbitration Commission after examination and the Summary Procedure is applicable, the secretariat of the Arbitration Commission shall immediately serve a notice of Arbitration to each of the parties. Unless both parties have jointly appointed one sole arbitrator from among the Panel of Arbitrators of the Arbitration Commission, they shall jointly appoint or jointly entrust the Chairman of the Arbitration Commission to appoint one sole arbitrator within 15 days from the date on which the Notice of Arbitration is received by the Respondent. Should the parties fail to make such appointment or entrustment, the Chairman of the Arbitration Commission shall immediately appoint one sole arbitrator to form an arbitration tribunal to hear the case.

Article 65 The Respondent shall, within 30 days from the date of receipt of the Notice of Arbitration, submit his defense and relevant documentary evidence to the secretariat of the Arbitration Commission; a counterclaim, if any, shall be lodged together with documentary evidence within the said time limit.

Article 66 The arbitration tribunal may hear the case in the way it deems appropriate. The arbitration tribunal has discretion to hear the case only on the basis of the written materials and evidence submitted by the parties or to hold an oral hearing as well.

Article 67 The parties must hand in written materials and evidence needed for the arbitration in compliance with the requirements of the arbitration tribunal within the time limit given by the arbitration tribunal.

Article 68 For a case which needs an oral hearing, the secretariat of the Arbitration Commission fixed a date for hearing, inform the parties of the date of the hearing 15

days before the date of the hearing. 

Article 69 If the arbitration tribunal decides to hear the case orally, only one oral hearing shall be held. However, the arbitration tribunal may hold two oral hearings if really necessary.

Article 70 Should one of the parties fail to act in compliance with this Summary Procedure during summary proceedings, such failure shall not affect the arbitration tribunal's conduct of the proceedings and the arbitration tribunal's power to render an arbitral award.

Article 71 The conduct of the proceedings shall not be affected by any amendment of the claim or by the lodging of a counterclaim.

Article 72 Where a case is heard orally, the arbitration tribunal shall make an arbitral award within 30 days from the date of the oral hearing if one hearing is to be held, or from the date of the second oral hearing if two oral hearings are to be held. Where a case is examined on the basis of documents only, the arbitration tribunal shall render an arbitral award within 90 days from the date on which the arbitration tribunal is formed. The Secretary-General of the Arbitration Commission may extend the said time limit if such extension is necessary and justifiable.

Article 73 For matters not covered in this Chapter, the relevant provisions in the other Chapters of these Rules shall apply. 

Chapter IV Supplementary Provisions 

Article 74 The Chinese language is the official language of the Arbitration Commission. If the parties have agreed otherwise, their agreement shall prevail. At the hearing, if the parties or their attorneys or witnesses require language interpretation, the secretariat of the Arbitration Commission may provide an interpreter for them or the parties may bring with them their own interpreter. The arbitration tribunal and/or the secretariat of the Arbitration Commission may, if it deems it necessary, request the parties to hand in corresponding translation copies in Chinese language or other languages of the documents and evidential materials submitted by the parties.

Article 75 All the arbitration documents, notices and materials may be sent to the parties and/or their attorneys in person, or by registered letter or express airmail, telefax, telex, cable or by any other means which are deemed proper by the secretariat of the Arbitration Commission.

Article 76 Any written communication to the parties is deemed to have been properly served if it is delivered to the addressee or delivered at his place of business, habitual residence or mailing address; or if none of these can be found after making a reasonable inquiry, a written communication is deemed to have been served if it is sent to the addressee's last known place of business, habitual residence or mailing address by registered letter or by any other means which provides a record of the attempt to deliver it.

Article 77 Apart form charging arbitration fees from the parties according to the arbitration Fee Schedule of the Arbitration Commission, the Arbitration Commission may collect from the parties other extra, reasonable and actual expenses including arbitrators' special remuneration and their travel and boarding expenses for dealing with the case and the fees and expenses for experts, appraisers and interpreters appointed by the arbitration tribunal, etc. If a case is withdrawn after the parties have reached between themselves an amicable settlement, the Arbitration Commission may charge a certain amount of fees from the parties in consideration of the quantity of work and the amount of the actual expenses incurred by the Arbitration Commission.

Article 78 Where an arbitration agreement or an arbitration clause contained in the contract provides for arbitration to be conducted by China Maritime Arbitration Commission or by its former named Maritime Arbitration Commission of the China Council for the Promotion of International Trade, the parties shall be deemed to have unanimously agreed that the arbitration shall be conducted by China Maritime Arbitration Commission . 

Article 79 These Rules shall come into force as from October 1, 1995. For cases which have been taken cognizance of by the Arbitration Commission before the date on which these Rules become effective, the Rules of Arbitration effective on the date when the cases were taken cognizance of shall apply. However, these Rules shall be applied if the parties so agree.

Article 80 The power to interpret these Rules is vested in the Arbitration Commission. 

中国海事仲裁委员会仲裁规则

中国海事仲裁委员会仲裁规则

颁发部门:国务院

发布日期:1995-10-01

生效日期:1995-10-01

第一章 总则   

第一节 管辖

第一条 根据《中华人民共和国仲裁法》和有关法律的规定以及国务院的《决定》、《通知》及《批复》,制定本仲裁规则。

第二条 中国海事仲裁委员会(原名中国国际贸易促进委员会海事仲裁委员会,以下简称仲裁委员会)以仲裁的方式,独立、公正地解决产生于远洋、沿海和与海相通的水域的运输、生产和航行过程中的契约性或非契约性的海事争议,以保护当事人的正当权益,促

进国内外航运事业和经济贸易的发展。仲裁委员会受理下列海事争议案件:

(一)关于船舶救助以及共同海损所产生的争议;

(二)关于船舶碰撞或者船舶损坏海上、通海水域、港口建筑物和设施以及海底、水下设施所发生的争议;

(三)关于海/水上船舶经营、作业、租用、抵押、代理、拖带、打捞、买卖、修理、建造、拆解业务以及根据运输合同、提单、或者其他文件办理的海/水上运输业务和海/水上保险所发生的争议;

(四)关于海洋资源开发利用及海洋环境污染损害的争议;

(五)关于货运代理合同、船舶物料供应合同、涉外船员劳务合同、渔业生产及捕捞合同所引起的争议;

(六)双方当事人协议仲裁的其他海事争议。

第三条 仲裁委员会根据当事人在争议发生之前或者在争议发生之后达成的将争议提交仲裁委员会仲裁的仲裁协议和一方当事人的书面申请,受理案件。仲裁协议系指当事人在合同中订明的仲裁条款,或者以其他方式达成的提交仲裁的书面协议。

第四条 仲裁委员会有权对仲裁协议的存在、效力以及仲裁案件的管辖权作出决定。当事人对仲裁协议的效力有异议的,如果一方请求仲裁委员会作出决定,另一方请求人民法院作出裁定,则由人民法院裁定。

第五条 合同中的仲裁条款应视为与合同其他条款分离地、独立地存在的条款,附属于合同的仲裁协议也应视为与合同其他条款分离地、独立地存在的一个部分;合同的变更、解除、终止、失效或无效以及存在与否,均不影响仲裁条款或仲裁协议的效力。

第六条 对仲裁协议及/或仲裁案件管辖权的抗辩,应当在仲裁庭首次开庭前提出,对书面审理的案件的管辖权的抗辩,应当在第一次实体答辩前提出。

第七条 凡当事人同意将争议提交仲裁委员会仲裁的,均视为同意按照本仲裁规则进行仲裁。

第二节 组织

第八条 仲裁委员会设名誉主任一人、顾问若干人。

第九条 仲裁委员会由主任一人、副主任若干人和委员若干人组成。主任履行本规则赋予的职责,副主任受主任的委托可以履行主任的职责。仲裁委员会设秘书处,在仲裁委员会秘书长的领导下负责处理仲裁委员会的日常事务。

第十条 仲裁委员会设立仲裁员名册,仲裁员由仲裁委员会从对航海、海上运输、对外贸易、保险和法律等方面具有专门知识和实际经验的中外人士中聘任。

第十一条 仲裁委员会设在北京。根据仲裁业务发展的需要,仲裁委员会可以在中国境内其他地方设立仲裁委员会分会。

第二章 仲裁程序      

第一节 仲裁申请、答辩、反请求

第十二条 仲裁程序自仲裁委员会发出仲裁通知之日起开始。

第十三条 申请人提出仲裁申请时应:

(一)提交仲裁申请书,仲裁申请书应写明:

1. 申请人和被申请人的名称和住所(如有邮政编码、电话、电传、传真和电报号码,也应写明);

2. 申请人所依据的仲裁协议;

3. 案情和争议要点;

4. 申请人的请求及所依据的事实和证据。

仲裁申请书应由申请人及/或申请人授权的代理人签名及/或盖章。 (二)在提交仲裁申请书时,附具申请人请求所依据的事实的证明文件。 

(三)按照仲裁委员会制定的仲裁费用表的规定预缴仲裁费。

第十四条 仲裁委员会秘书处收到申请人的仲裁申请书及其附件后,经过审查,认为申请仲裁的手续不完备的,可以要求申请人予以完备; 认为申请仲裁的手续已完备的,应立即向被申请人发出仲裁通知,并将申请人的仲裁申请书及其附件,连同仲裁委员会的仲裁规

则、仲裁员名册和仲裁费用表各一份,一并发送给被申请人,同时也将仲裁通知、仲裁规则、仲裁员名册和仲裁费用表送交申请人。 仲裁委员会向申请人和被申请人发出仲裁通知后,应指定一名秘书处的人员负责仲裁案件的程序管理工作。

第十五条 申请人和被申请人应各自在收到仲裁通知之日起 20

天内在仲裁委员会仲裁员名册中各自选定一名仲裁员,或者委托仲裁委员会主任指定。

第十六条 被申请人应在收到仲裁通知之日起 45 天内向仲裁委员会秘书处提交答辩书和有关证明文件。

第十七条 被申请人如有反请求,最迟应在收到仲裁通知之日起 60 天内以书面形式提交仲裁委员会。仲裁庭认为有正当理由的,可以适当延长此期限。 被申请人提出反请求时,应在其书面反请求中写明具体的反请求、反请求理由以及所依据的事实和证据,并附具有关的证明文件。 被申请人提出反请求,应当按照仲裁委员会的仲裁费用表的规定预缴仲裁费。

第十八条 申请人可以对其仲裁请求提出修改,被申请人也可以对其反请求提出修改; 但是,仲裁庭认为其修改的提出过迟而影响仲裁程序正常进行的,可以拒绝修改请求。

第十九条 当事人提交仲裁申请书、答辩书、反请求书和有关证明材料以及其他文件时,应一式五份,如果当事人人数超过两人,则应增加相应份数,如果仲裁庭组成人数为一人,则可以减少两份。

第二十条 被申请人未提交书面答辩及/或申请人对被申请人的反请求未提出书面答辩的,不影响仲裁程序的进行。

第二十一条 当事人可以委托仲裁代理人办理有关的仲裁事项; 接受委托的仲裁代理人,应向仲裁委员会提交授权委托书。

中国公民和外国公民均可以接受委托,担任仲裁代理人。

第二十二条 当事人申请财产保全,仲裁委员会应当将当事人的申请提交被申请人住所地或其财产所在地的海事法院作出裁

定。

当事人申请证据保全,仲裁委员会应当将当事人的申请提交证据所在地的海事法院作出裁定。

第二节 仲裁庭的组成

第二十三条 双方当事人应当各自在仲裁委员会仲裁员名册中选定一名仲裁员或者委托仲裁委员会主任指定。第三名仲裁员由双方当事人共同选定或者共同委托仲裁委员会主任指定。

如果双方当事人在被申请人收到仲裁通知之日起 20 天内未能共同选定或者共同委托仲裁委员会主任指定第三名仲裁员,则由仲裁委员会主任指定。第三名仲裁员担任首席仲裁员。

首席仲裁员与被选定或者被指定的两名仲裁员组成仲裁庭,共同审理案件。

第二十四条 双方当事人可以在仲裁委员会仲裁员名册中共同选定或者共同委托仲裁委员会主任指定一名仲裁员作为独任仲裁员,成立仲裁庭,单独审理案件。

如果双方当事人约定由一名独任仲裁员审理案件,但在被申请人收到仲裁通知之日起 20 天内未能就独任仲裁员的人选达成一致意见,则由仲裁委员会主任指定。

第二十五条 申请人或者被申请人未按照本仲裁规则第十五条的规定选定或者委托仲裁委员会主任指定仲裁员的,则由仲裁委员会主任指定。

第二十六条 仲裁案件有两个或者两个以上申请人及/或被申请人时,申请人之间及/或被申请人之间应当经过协商,在仲裁委员会仲裁员名册中各自共同选定或者各自共同委托仲裁委员会主任指定一名仲裁员。

如果申请人之间及/或被申请人之间未能在收到仲裁通知之日起 20 天内各自共同选定或者各自共同委托仲裁委员会主任指定一名仲裁员,则由仲裁委员会主任指定。

第二十七条 被选定或者被指定的仲裁员,与案件有个人利害关系的,应当自行向仲裁委员会披露并请求回避。

第二十八条 当事人对被选定或者被指定的仲裁员的公正性和独立性产生具有正当理由的怀疑时,可以书面向仲裁委员会提出要求该仲裁员回避的请求,但应说明提出回避请求所依据的具体事实和理由,并举证。 对仲裁员的回避请求应在第一次开庭之前以书面形式提出; 如果要求回避事由的发生和得知是在第一次开庭审理之后,则可以在最后一次开庭终结之前提出。

第二十九条 仲裁员是否回避,由仲裁委员会主任作出决定。

第三十条 仲裁员因回避或者由于死亡、除名等其他原因不能履行职责时,应按照原选定或者指定该仲裁员的程序,选定或

者指定替代的仲裁员。

替代的仲裁员选定或者指定后,由仲裁庭决定以前进行过的全部或部分审理是否需要重新进行。

第三节 审理

第三十一条 仲裁庭应当开庭审理案件。但经双方当事人申请或者征得双方当事人同意,仲裁庭也认为不必开庭审理的,仲裁庭可以只依据书面文件进行审理并作出裁决。

第三十二条 仲裁案件第一次开庭审理的日期,经仲裁庭商仲裁委员会秘书处决定后,由秘书处于开庭前 30 天通知双方当事人。当事人有正当理由的,可以请求延期,但必须在开庭前 12 天以书面形式向秘书处提出; 是否延期,由仲裁庭决定。

第三十三条 第一次开庭审理以后的开庭审理的日期的通知,不受 30 天期限的限制。

第三十四条 由仲裁委员会受理的案件应当在北京进行审理,经仲裁委员会秘书长同意,也可以在其他地点进行审理。

第三十五条 仲裁庭开庭审理案件不公开进行,如果双方当事人要求公开审理,由仲裁庭作出是否公开审理的决定。

第三十六条 不公开审理的案件,双方当事人及其仲裁代理人、证人、仲裁员、仲裁庭咨询的专家和指定的鉴定人、仲裁委员会秘书处的有关人员,均不得对外界透露案件实体和程序进行的情况。

第三十七条 当事人应当对其申请、答辩和反请求所依据的事实提出证据。仲裁庭认为必要时,可以自行调查事实,收集证据。

仲裁庭自行调查事实,收集证据时,认为有必要通知双方当事人到场的,应及时通知双方当事人到场,经通知而一方或双方当事人不到场的,仲裁庭自行调查事实和收集证据的行动不受其影响。

第三十八条 仲裁庭可以就案件中的专门问题向专家咨询或者指定鉴定人进行鉴定,专家和鉴定人可以是中国或外国的机构或公民。

仲裁庭有权要求当事人,而且当事人也有义务向专家/鉴定人提供或出示任何有关资料、文件或财产、货物,以供专家/鉴定人审阅、检验及/或鉴定。

第三十九条 专家报告和鉴定报告的副本,应送给双方当事人,给予双方当事人对专家报告和鉴定报告提出意见的机会。任何一方当事人要求专家/鉴定人参加开庭的,经仲裁庭同意后,专家/鉴定人可以参加开庭,并在仲裁庭认为必要和适宜的情况下就他们的报告作出解释。

第四十条 当事人提出的证据由仲裁庭审定; 专家报告和鉴定报告,由仲裁庭决定是否采纳。

第四十一条 仲裁庭开庭审理时,一方当事人不出席,仲裁庭可以进行缺席审理和作出缺席裁决。

第四十二条 开庭审理时,仲裁庭可以作庭审笔录及/或录音。仲裁庭认为必要时,可以作出庭审要点,并要求当事人及/其代理人、证人及/或其他有关人员在庭审要点上签字或者盖章。

庭审笔录和录音只供仲裁庭查用。

第四十三条 仲裁案件,如果当事人在仲裁庭之外自行达成和解,可以请求仲裁庭根据其和解协议的内容作出裁决书结案,也可以申请撤销案件。在仲裁庭组成前申请撤销案件的,由仲裁委员会秘书长作出决定;在仲裁庭组成后申请撤销案件的, 由仲裁庭作出决定。 当事人就已经撤销的案件再提出仲裁申请时,由仲裁委员会主任作出受理或者不受理的决定。

第四十四条 一方当事人知道或者理应知道本仲裁规则或仲裁协议中规定的任何条款或情事未被遵守,但仍参加仲裁程序或继续进行仲裁程序而且不对此不遵守情况及时地明示地提出书面异议的,视为放弃其提出异议的权利。

第四十五条 如果双方当事人有调解愿望,或一方当事人有调解愿望并经仲裁庭征得另一方当事人同意的,仲裁庭可以在仲裁程序进行过程中对其审理的案件进行调解。

第四十六条 仲裁庭可以按照其认为适当的方式进行调解。

第四十七条 仲裁庭在进行调解的过程中,任何一方当事人提出终止调解或仲裁庭认为已无调解成功的可能时,应停止调解。

第四十八条 在仲裁庭进行调解的过程中,双方当事人在仲裁庭之外达成和解的, 应视为是在仲裁庭调解下达成的和解。

第四十九条 经仲裁庭调解达成和解的,双方当事人应签订书面和解协议;除非当事人另有约定,仲裁庭应当根据当事人书面和解协议的内容作出裁决书结案。

第五十条 如果调解不成功,任何一方当事人均不得在其后的仲裁程序、司法程序和其他程序中援引对方当事人或仲裁庭在调解过程中发表过的、提出过的、建议过的、承认过的以及愿意接近过的或否定过的任何陈述、意见、观点或建议作为其请求、答辩及、或反请求的依据。

第四节 裁决

第五十一条 仲裁庭应当在组庭之日起九个月内作出仲裁裁决书。在仲裁庭的要求下,仲裁委员会秘书长认为确有必要和确有正当理由的,可以延长该期限。

 

第五十二条 仲裁庭应当根据事实,依照法律和合同规定,参考国际惯例,并遵循公平合理原则,独立公正地作出裁决。

第五十三条 由三名仲裁员组成的仲裁庭审理的案件,仲裁裁决依全体仲裁员或多数仲裁员的意见决定,少数仲裁员的意见可以作成记录附卷。

仲裁庭不能形成多数意见时,仲裁裁决依首席仲裁员的意见作出。

第五十四条 仲裁庭在其作出的仲裁裁决中,应当写明仲裁请求、争议事实、裁决理由、裁决结果、仲裁费用和负担、裁决的日期和地点。当事人协议不愿写明争议事实和裁决理由的,以及按照双方当事人和解协议的内容作出裁决的,可以不写明争议事实和裁决理由。

第五十五条 除非仲裁裁决依首席仲裁员意见或独任仲裁员意见作出,仲裁裁决应由多数仲裁员署名。持有不同意见的仲裁员可以在裁决书上署名,也可以不署名。

仲裁员应在签署裁决前将裁决书草案提交仲裁委员会。在不影响仲裁员独立裁决的情况下,仲裁委员会可以就裁决书的形式问题提请仲裁员注意。

裁决书应加盖仲裁委员会印章。

作出仲裁裁决书的日期,即为仲裁裁决发生法律效力的日期。

第五十六条 仲裁庭认为必要或者当事人提出经仲裁庭同意时,可以在仲裁过程中在最终仲裁裁决作出之前的任何时候,就案件的任何问题作出中间裁决或部分裁决。任何一方当事人不履行中间裁决,不影响仲裁程序的继续进行,也不影响仲裁庭作出最终裁决。

第五十七条 仲裁庭有权在仲裁裁决书中裁定双方当事人最终应向仲裁委员会支付的仲裁费和其他费用。

第五十八条 仲裁庭有权在裁决书中裁定败诉方应当补偿胜诉方因为办理案件所支出的部分合理的费用,但补偿金额最多不得超过胜诉方胜诉金额的 10%。

第五十九条 仲裁裁决是终局的,对双方当事人均有约束力。任何一方当事人均不得向法院起诉,也不得向其他任何机构提出变更仲裁裁决的请求。

第六十条 任何一方当事人均可以在收到仲裁裁决书之日起 30 天内就仲裁裁决书中的书写、打印、计算上的错误或其他类似性质的错误,书面申请仲裁庭作出更正;如确有错误,仲裁庭应在收到书面申请之日起 30 天内作出书面更正,仲裁庭也可以在发出仲裁裁决书之日起 30 天内自行以书面形式作出更正。该书面更正构成裁决书的一部分。

第六十一条 如果仲裁裁决有漏裁事项,任何一方当事人均可以在收到仲裁裁决书之日起 30天内以书面形式请求仲裁庭就仲裁裁决中漏裁的仲裁事项作出补充裁决。

如确有漏裁事项,仲裁庭应在收到上述书面申请之日起 30 天内作出补充裁决,仲裁庭也可以在发出仲裁裁决书之日起 30 天内自行作出补充裁决。补充裁决构成原裁决书的一部分。

第六十二条 当事人应当依照仲裁裁决书写明的期限自动履行裁决; 仲裁裁决书未写明期限的,应当立即履行。 一方当事人不履行的,另一方当事人可以根据中国法律的规定,向中国法院申请执行; 或者根据一九五八年《承认及执行外国仲裁裁决公约》或者中国缔结或参加的其他国际条约,向外国有管辖权的法院申请执行。

第三章 简易程序

第六十三条 除非当事人另有约定,凡是争议金额不超过人民币 50 万元的,或争议金额超过人民币 50万元,经一方当事人书面申请并征得另一方当事人书面同意的,适用本简易程序。

第六十四条 申请人向仲裁委员会提出仲裁申请,经审查可以受理并适用简易程序的,仲裁委员会秘书处应立即向双方当事人发出仲裁通知。

除非双方当事人已从仲裁委员会仲裁员名册中共同选定了一名独任仲裁员,双方当事人应在被申请人收到仲裁通知之日起 15 天内在仲裁委员会仲裁员名册中共同选定或者共同委托仲裁委员会主任指定一名独任仲裁员。双方当事人逾期未能共同选定或者共同委托仲裁委员会主任指定的,仲裁委员会主任应立即指定一名独任仲裁员成立仲裁庭审理案件。

第六十五条 被申请人应在收到仲裁通知之日起 30 天内向仲裁委员会提交答辩书及有关证明文件;如有反请求,也应在此期限内提出反请求书及有关证明文件。

第六十六条 仲裁庭可以按照其认为适当的方式,审理案件; 可以决定只依据当事人提交的书面材料和证据进行书面审理,也可以决定开庭审理。

第六十七条 当事人应按照仲裁庭的要求和限定的日期提交仲裁所需的书面材料及证据。

第六十八条 对于开庭审理的案件,仲裁庭确定开庭的日期后,仲裁委员会秘书处应在开庭前 15 天将开庭日期通知双方当事人。

第六十九条 如果仲裁庭决定开庭审理,仲裁庭只开庭一次。确有必要的,仲裁庭可以决定再次开庭。

第七十条 在进行简易程序过程中,任何一方当事人没有按照本简易程序行事时, 不影响程序的进行和仲裁庭作出裁决的权力。

第七十一条 仲裁请求的变更或反请求的提出,不影响简易程序的继续进行。

第七十二条 开庭审理的案件,仲裁庭应在开庭审理或再次开庭审理之日起30天内作出仲裁裁决书;书面审理的案件,仲裁庭应当在仲裁庭成立之日起90天内作出仲裁裁决书。在仲裁庭的要求下,仲裁委员会秘书长认为确有必要和确有正当理由的,可以对上述期限予以延长。

第七十三条本章未规定的事项,适用本仲裁规则的其他各章的有关规定。

第四章 附则

第七十四条 仲裁委员会以中文为正式语文。当事人另有约定的,则从其约定。仲裁庭开庭时,如果当事人或其代理人、证人需要语文翻译,可以由仲裁委员会秘书处提供译员,也可以由当事人自行提供译员。

对当事人提交的各种文书和证明材料,仲裁庭及/或仲裁委员会秘书处认为必要时,可以要求当事人提供相应的中文译本或其他语文的译本。       

第七十五条 有关仲裁的一切文书、通知、材料等均可以派人或以挂号信或航空特快专递、传真、电传、电报或仲裁委员会秘书处认为适当的其他方式发送给当事人及/ 或其仲裁代理人。

第七十六条 向当事人及/或其仲裁代理人发送的任何书面通讯,如经当面递交收讯人或投递至收讯人的营业地点、惯常住所或通讯地址,或者经合理查询不能找到上述任一地点而以挂号信或能提供作过投递企图的记录的其他任何手段投递给收讯人最后一个为人所知的营业地点、惯常住所或通讯地址,即应视为已经送达。

第七十七条 仲裁委员会除按照其制定的仲裁费用表向当事人收取仲裁费外,可以向当事人收取其他额外的、合理的实际开支,包括仲裁员办理案件的特殊报酬、差旅费、食宿费以及仲裁庭聘请专家、鉴定人和翻译等的费用。

仲裁委员会对双方当事人自行达成和解后申请撤销的案件,可以视工作量的大小和实际开支的多少,收取仲裁费。

第七十八条 仲裁协议或合同中的仲裁条款订明由中国海事仲裁委员会仲裁或由其旧名称的中国国际贸易促进委员会海事仲裁委员会仲裁的,均应视为双方当事人一致同意由中国海事仲裁委员会仲裁。

第七十九条 本仲裁规则自1995年10月1日起施行。在本仲裁规则施行前仲裁委员会受理的案件,仍适用受理案件时适用的仲裁规则; 双方当事人同意的,也可以适用本仲裁规则。

第八十条 本仲裁规则由仲裁委员会负责解释。